SciChart WPF 3D Charts > SciChart3D Basics > Coordinates in 3D Space
Coordinates in 3D Space

Coordinate Systems

The Left Handed Coordinate System (LHS)

The SciChart3DSurface by default renders a 3D world using the Left Handed Coordinate system or LHS (as is common to DirectX). In the LHS X and Z form the horizontal plane, and Y is always up YDirection=(0,1,0). It is helpful to think of the 3D world as a 2D Chart in X-Y and Z goes ‘into the screen’.

Left handed coordinate system. X-Z is a horizontal plane, Y is up.


Switching to Right Handed Coordinate System (RHS)

The SciChart3DSurface can also be rendered in the Right Handed Coordiante System (RHS) as is common to OpenGL and some CAD / Engineering packages.

To switch between the two, simply set the property SciChart3DSurface.CoordinateSystem.

Setting SciChart3D to use Right Handed Coordinates
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var sciChart3DSurface = new SciChart3DSurface()
    CoordinateSystem = CoordinateSystem3D.RightHanded


World Coordinates

World Coordinates is the term used to describe coordinates in the 3D World. These are the raw DirectX X,Y,Z coordinates of a vertex. By default the origin (0,0,0) is in the centre, bottom of the chart.

WorldDimensions and the Axis Cube

The box in the chart is called the Axis Cube. The AxisCube size is defined by the SciChart3DSurface.WorldDimensions property.

The WorldDimensions is a single Vector3 with X,Y,Z size, but defines the size of a cube as follows:


How WorldDimensions Relates to the AxisCube in SciChart3D


  • The size of the AxisCube in the X Direction extends from -WorldDimensions.X/2 to +WorldDimensions.X/2
  • The size of the AxisCube in the Y Direction extends from 0 to +WorldDimensions.Y
  • The size of the AxisCube in the Z Direction extends from -WorldDimensions.Z/2 to +WorldDimensions.Z/2

NOTE: By default, SciChart3DSurface.WorldDimensions property is set to X=300, Y=200, Z=300.

Setting the WorldDimensions Property

To set the WorldDimensions Property, simply use the following code to define a Vector3 (3-component vector):

<!-- Defining the WorldDimensions property in XAML -->
<!-- The following code defines WorldDimensions as X=300, Y=200, Z=300 -->
<s3D:SciChart3DSurface WorldDimensions="300,200,300">
// Defining the WorldDimensions property in Code
// The following code defines WorldDimensions as X=300, Y=200, Z=300

var sciChart3DSurface = new SciChart3DSurface();
sciChart3DSurface.WorldDimensions = new Vector3(300,200,300);


Data Coordinates

By contrast to WorldCoordinates, which are absolute coordinates in the 3D World, in SciChart 3D there is the concept of Data Coordinates.

Data Coordinates are measured on an Axis, for example, the YAxis (which is UP) might have a size of 200 in the World Coordinates, but might display a VisibleRange of 0...10. Therefore, Data which falls int he range 0...10 will be spaced on this axis from 0...200 World Coordinates.

The difference between World Coordinates, Data Coordinates is shown in the following example

Converting from World to Data Coordinates

The conversion between Data Coordinates and World Coordinates is done by the Axis. For example. the follwoing code converts from Data to World Coordinates on the SciChart3DSurface.XAxis.

Converting from World to Data Coordinates
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// Get coordinate from a NumericAxis3D
var numericAxis = new NumericAxis3D();
var coordCalc = numericAxis.GetCurrentCoordinateCalculator();

// GetCoordinate expects a double value. You can cast to double if your data is integer
double worldCoord = coordCalc.GetCoordinate(1.23d);
// GetDataValue converts back
double dataValue = coordCald.GetDataValue(worldCoord);
NOTE: As the API is shared between 2D Charts and 3D Charts, the topics Axis.AutoRange, Axis.VisibleRange Axis.Convert Pixel to Data Coordinates are applicable to 3D Charts also.

3D Viewport Orientation Modes

In addition to existing mode with Y-Axis pointing upwards, now it is possible to set up 3D Charts to have Z-Axis pointing upwards. This setting is applied globally to all SciChart3DSurface instances. Also, it is possible to change Viewport 3D orientation in runtime. By default, all SciChart3DSurfaces appears with Y-Axis upwards orientation.

To specify desired Viewport 3D orientation, call Viewport3D.SetViewportOrientation(Viewport3DOrientation) static method:

Specifying Viewport 3D orientation
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// Change Viewport 3D orientation

See Also