iOS & macOS Charting Documentation - SciChart iOS & macOS Charts SDK v4.x

PointMarker API

SciChart features a rich PointMarkers API to annotate the data-points of certain series with markers, e.g. Ellipse, Square, Triangle, Cross or a Custom Shape marker. Some series types, such as SCIXyScatterRenderableSeries or SCIFastImpulseRenderableSeries, require a PointMarker assigned to them unless they won’t render at all.

This article is about how to configure and add PointMarkers to a ISCIRenderableSeries to render markers for every data point.

PointMarkers API

NOTE: Examples of using PointMarkers API can be found in the SciChart iOS Examples Suite as well as on GitHub:

PointMarker Types

SciChart provides several PointMarker shapes out of the box which can be found below:

It is possible to change how point markers appears by extending any of the above classes. The SCISpritePointMarker allows to render point markers on a SCIBitmap (which is a simple wrapper around the CGContext). For more details, refer to the Custom PointMarkers section down the page.

All the PointMarker types conforms to the ISCIPointMarker protocol, which provides the following properties for styling point markers:

ISCIPointMarker property Description
ISCIPointMarker.size Allows to specify the size of a PointMarker. PointMarkers will not appear if this value isn’t set. The units are in user space coordinate system
ISCIPointMarker.strokeStyle Specifies a stroke pen of the SCIPenStyle type. It contains information about the Color, Stroke Thickness, etc.
ISCIPointMarker.fillStyle Specifies a fill brush of the SCIBrushStyle type. It contains information about the fill Color and the desired type of visual output.

NOTE: To learn more about Pens and Brushes and how to utilize them, please refer to the SCIPenStyle, SCIBrushStyle and SCIFontStyle article.

Using PointMarkers

Code for creation and assigning a PointMarker to a ISCIRenderableSeries is essentially the same regardless of a PointMarker type. After an instance of it has been created, it can be configured and then applied to the ISCIRenderableSeries.pointMarker property:

// Create an Ellipse PointMarker instance id<ISCIPointMarker> pointMarker = [SCIEllipsePointMarker new]; pointMarker.size = (CGSize){ .width = 40, .height = 40 }; pointMarker.strokeStyle = [[SCISolidPenStyle alloc] initWithColor:UIColor.greenColor thickness:2.0]; pointMarker.fillStyle = [[SCISolidBrushStyle alloc] initWithColor:UIColor.redColor]; // Apply the PointMarker to a LineSeries id<ISCIRenderableSeries> lineSeries = [SCIFastLineRenderableSeries new]; lineSeries.pointMarker = pointMarker;
// Create an Ellipse PointMarker instance let pointMarker = SCIEllipsePointMarker() pointMarker.size = CGSize(width: 40, height: 40) pointMarker.strokeStyle = SCISolidPenStyle(color: .green, thickness: 2.0) pointMarker.fillStyle = SCISolidBrushStyle(color: .red) // Apply the PointMarker to a LineSeries let lineSeries = SCIFastLineRenderableSeries() lineSeries.pointMarker = pointMarker
// Create an Ellipse PointMarker instance var pointMarker = new SCIEllipsePointMarker(); pointMarker.Size = new CGSize(40, 40); pointMarker.StrokeStyle = new SCISolidPenStyle(UIColor.Green, 2.0f); pointMarker.FillStyle = new SCISolidBrushStyle(UIColor.Red); // Apply the PointMarker to a LineSeries var lineSeries = new SCIFastLineRenderableSeries(); lineSeries.PointMarker = pointMarker;

The code above will produce the following chart (assuming that the data has been added to the Line Series):

PointMarker Example

Custom PointMarkers

There are two ways of creating custom PointMarkers in SciChart. The first one involves using our RenderContext2D API for drawing, and the second allows to use CoreGraphics drawing capabilities.

Extend SCIDrawablePointMarker

This technique requires extending the SCIDrawablePointMarker class and overriding the its -[SCIDrawablePointMarker internalDrawWithContext:at:withStrokePen:andFillBrush:] method which is called for every data point in a series. In the implementation, a PointMarker can be drawn calling methods from ISCIRenderContext2D. The code below demonstrates how custom EllipsePointMarker can be created using this approach:

@interface EllipsePointMarker : SCIDrawablePointMarker @end @implementation EllipsePointMarker - (void)internalDrawWithContext:(id)renderContext at:(CGPoint)point withStrokePen:(id)pen andFillBrush:(id)brush { [renderContext drawEllipseWithPen:pen brush:brush andSize:self.size at:point]; } @end
class EllipsePointMarker: SCIDrawablePointMarker { override func internalDraw(with renderContext: ISCIRenderContext2D!, at point: CGPoint, withStroke pen: ISCIPen2D!, andFill brush: ISCIBrush2D!) { renderContext.drawEllipse(with: pen, brush: brush, andSize: self.size, at: point) } }
class EllipsePointMarker: SCIDrawablePointMarker { public override void InternalDraw(IISCIRenderContext2D renderContext, CGPoint point, IISCIPen2D pen, IISCIBrush2D brush) { renderContext.DrawEllipseAt(point, this.Size, pen, brush); } }

However, the RenderContext2D API has its own limitations. It isn’t suitable for drawing complex custom shapes. Besides, calling drawing methods for every data point is redundant and is an overkill. So the second technique, described in the following paragraph, is better suited for most cases.

Implement ISCISpritePointMarkerDrawer

This approach is rather different. It allows to draw a shape on CoreGraphics CGContext. Then, a sprite is created out of it, which is rendered for every data point in a series.

This requires creating an object which conforms to ISCISpritePointMarkerDrawer protocol and pass it’s instance into the SCISpritePointMarker initializer, like shown below:

@interface SCICustomPointMarkerDrawer: NSObject<ISCISpritePointMarkerDrawer> - (nonnull instancetype)initWithImage:(UIImage *)image; @end @implementation SCICustomPointMarkerDrawer { UIImage *_image; } - (instancetype)initWithImage:(UIImage *)image { self = [super init]; if (self) { _image = image; } return self; } - (void)onDrawBitmap:(SCIBitmap *)bitmap withPenStyle:(SCIPenStyle *)penStyle andBrushStyle:(SCIBrushStyle *)brushStyle { CGContextSaveGState(bitmap.context); CGRect rect = CGRectMake(0, 0, bitmap.width, bitmap.height); CGContextTranslateCTM(bitmap.context, 0.0, bitmap.height); // bitmap.context.height CGContextScaleCTM(bitmap.context, 1.0, -1.0); CGContextDrawImage(bitmap.context, rect, _image.CGImage); CGContextRestoreGState(bitmap.context); } @end … SCICustomPointMarkerDrawer *drawer = [[SCICustomPointMarkerDrawer alloc] initWithImage:[UIImage imageNamed:@“”]]; SCISpritePointMarker *pointMarker = [[SCISpritePointMarker alloc] initWithDrawer:drawer]; pointMarker.size = CGSizeMake(40, 40); // Apply the PointMarker to a LineSeries id<ISCIRenderableSeries> lineSeries = [SCIFastLineRenderableSeries new]; lineSeries.pointMarker = pointMarker;
class CustomPointMarkerDrawer: ISCISpritePointMarkerDrawer { let image: UIImage init(image: UIImage) { self.image = image } func onDraw(_ bitmap: SCIBitmap!, with penStyle: SCIPenStyle!, andBrushStyle brushStyle: SCIBrushStyle!) { bitmap.context.saveGState() let rect = CGRect(origin: .zero, size: CGSize(width: CGFloat(bitmap.width), height: CGFloat(bitmap.height))) bitmap.context.translateBy(x: 0.0, y: CGFloat(bitmap.context.height)) bitmap.context.scaleBy(x: 1.0, y: -1.0) bitmap.context.draw(image.cgImage!, in: rect) bitmap.context.restoreGState() } } … let pointMarker = SCISpritePointMarker(drawer: CustomPointMarkerDrawer(image: #imageLiteral(resourceName: “”))) pointMarker.size = CGSize(width: 40, height: 40) // Apply the PointMarker to a LineSeries let lineSeries = SCIFastLineRenderableSeries() lineSeries.pointMarker = pointMarker
class CustomPointMarkerDrawer : IISCISpritePointMarkerDrawer { public UIImage image { get; } public IntPtr Handle => throw new NotImplementedException(); public CustomPointMarkerDrawer(UIImage image) { this.image = image; } public void onDraw(SCIBitmap bitmap, SCIPenStyle penStyle, SCIBrushStyle brushStyle) { bitmap.Context.SaveState(); var rect = new CGRect(CGPoint.Empty, new CGSize(bitmap.Width, bitmap.Height)); bitmap.Context.TranslateCTM((nfloat)0.0, bitmap.Height); bitmap.Context.ScaleCTM((nfloat)1.0, (nfloat)(-1.0)); bitmap.Context.DrawImage(rect, image.CGImage); bitmap.Context.RestoreState(); } } … var pointMarker = new SCISpritePointMarker(new CustomPointMarkerDrawer(new UIImage(“”))); pointMarker.Size = new CGSize(40, 40); // Apply the PointMarker to a LineSeries var lineSeries = new SCIFastLineRenderableSeries(); lineSeries.PointMarker = pointMarker;

This would result in the following chart:

Custom PointMarker Drawer